Confused flour beetle (Tribolium confusum)
Type of pest: Primary pest, secondary pest.
Distribution: Worldwide, especially in temperate regions.
Identification: Adults are 3 – 4.5 mm, flattened, parallel-sided, reddish-brown, as Tribolium castaneum. The gap between eyes is 50% of head width. Segments of antennae gradually widen towards the tip. The structure between base of front legs is as Tribolium castaneum. The eye is divided, with the number of facets at narrowest point two, as Tribolium castaneum. Larvae: elateriform.
Similar species: Gnatocerus, Latheticus, other Tribolium. The term flour beetle is often used to describe one of two main classifications of the rust red flour beetles (tribolium castaneum) and the confused flour beetle (tribolium confusum). When identifying the insect the biggest distinguishing difference is their antennae shape. The adult rust red flour beetle can fly (only when stressed) whereas the confused flour beetle cannot fly.
Life cycle: Optimal developmental conditions 25 days at 32.5 ºC and 70% r.h. or higher. Eggs are laid amongst the commodity, and larvae are mobile, external feeders. Adults live long, feed on the commodity and can fly.
Commodities infested: cereal grain and products. These beetles may cause an allergic response, but are not known to spread diseases and cause no damage to structures or furniture. They can only eat damaged or milled grain and both are often introduced to a warehouse or production facility through infested flour deliveries.
Preventive measures include: keeping storage and production are clean and dry, maintaining relative humidity in storage between 40% and 60% and ensuring that packaging materials and pallets etc. are clean and dry before storage.
Treatment: Controlled Atmosphere for infestation in the product
Treatment: Heat Treatment for infestation in Building
Warehouse beetle (Trogoderma variabile)Tropical warehouse moth (Ephestia cautella)Tobacco moth (Ephestia elutella)Spider beetle (Ptinus fur L.)Sawtoothed grain beetle (Oryzaephilus surinamensis)Rust red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)Rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae)Mites (Astigmata)Mercant beetle (Oryzaephilus mercator)Mediterranean flour moth (Ephestia kuehniella)Mealworm beelte (Tenebrio molitor)Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais)Lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica)Larger grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus)Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium)Indian meal moth (Plodia Interpunctella)Grain weevil (Sitophilus granarius)Flour mite (Acarus siro L.)Flat grain beetle (Cryptolestes spp.)Fruit fly or vinegar fly (Drosophilidae)Confused flour beetle (Tribolium confusum)CockroachesBruchidaeCoffee bean beetle (Areacerus fasciculatus)Broad horned flour beetle (Gnatocerus cornutus)Drugstore beetle (Stegobium paniceum)Cigarette beetle (Lasioderma serricorne)Bean beetle (Acanthoscelides obtectus)Australian spider beetle (Ptinus tectus)Almond moth (Cadra cautella)